Chinese language Chinesische Sprache Mandarin Pinyin, online language course

You learn the customs and customs in a relaxed language environment using humorous descriptions of the situation; and also know the traditional culture of China. You can also communicate and communicate in modern Chinese after a short time. You will soon become familiar with the most common and most basic terms and phrases in Chinese, and you will quickly become familiar with the slang language. Your ability to understand Chinese will improve significantly. And all without a teacher.

Preview new words

This section lists all the new words and phrases for each lesson, including the part of speech, the Latin translation (Pinyin) and the translation.

Explanation of priorities

The focus of the dialogue, that is, the grammar used and the sentence type are explained in detail.

Phonetics / Phonetics

This is where the most important basic phonetic knowledge is imparted: You will learn about the consonant style, the style, the emphasis, the lack of emphasis and the Latin translation (pinying).

Vocabulary

New words, compound words and phrases in each lesson.

Record type

The basic as well as the extended sentence types of each lesson are explained. Here, too, each sentence can be heard again in two language tempos.

inesian is one of the oldest languages in the world and is also considered one of the longest spoken languages. It therefore plays a very important role in the course and development of Chinese culture. If you consider that the Chinese language is no more difficult to learn than any other language today, it has the potential to become the most widely spoken language in the world alongside the most widely spoken mother tongue.

The mandarin
Normally people think of Mandarin when speaking the Chinese language, and in the Western world today it is often synonymous with the Chinese language. The origin is unclear, but it is believed that the word Mandarin dates from the 17th century and is derived from Portuguese for 'minister' or 'civil servant'. The word Mandarin was then transferred to what was then China and used for high officials. Since the imperial civil servants at that time spoke the North Chinese dialect of the Beijing region, the word Mandarin also established itself to denote the language of the civil servants: standard Chinese and the dialects
Standard Chinese is based on the pronunciation of the Beijing region 北方 话 běifānghuà, the northern dialect. This dialect was the basis for the introduction and distribution of grammatical standards.

The Pinyin system
The ancient Chinese language had no phonetic transcription to accurately reproduce the pronunciation. In the past, people used a method to assign the corresponding phonetic sound to the individual characters. This method means significant restrictions. In order to better bring the Chinese language into an international context, a Chinese reform committee for language originally proposed a language based on the Romanesque styles and finally from 1955 to 1957 defined a unique phonetic paraphrase, today's Pinyin. This unique phonetic transcription is based on the Latin alphabet. A pinyin, a syllable and a tone are assigned to each character today. The corresponding character can be selected with every pinine input. Many young Chinese today use this method to text or chat on the Internet.

The pronunciation
The pronunciation of the Chinese language can be learned relatively easily with a little practice. Many people who deal with the Chinese language will find that it is not that difficult to find the right tone in everyday language.

The first tone is kept constant and high. The second tone rises from the bottom up and the third tone rises from the lower level. The fourth tone falls sharply from top to bottom.

The syllables
In contrast to the western languages, the Chinese language is a syllable language and comprises a total of 398 syllables. In addition to the four different tones, each syllable also has a large number of different characters. For example, the syllable "ma".
In the first note, mā bedeutet means mother.
In the second tone, má 麻 means hemp.
The third tone means mǎ 马 in the horse.
In the fourth tone, mà 骂 means shame / guilt.
In addition to the four stresses, there is also the toneless pronunciation, which in turn can lead to other meanings.
Knowing the Chinese characters basically makes it easier to understand the Chinese language better. To read a newspaper or other reading today, you need about 2000 to 3000 characters. To counteract illiteracy, the simplification of the Chinese script 简体字 jiǎntǐzì was announced on January 31, 1956. The simplification of the written form related not only to the reduction in the number of lines within a character, but also to the definition and systematization of the font, standardized sounds and the number of characters for everyday use. While today only the simplified written form is used in the People's Republic of China.

Chinesische Sprache, Chinese language, Mandarin impressum.

Chinesische Sprache Chinese language Mandarin.

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